-Yes,I would like very much to.是的

简介: -Yes,I would like very much to.是的!

人教版中考英语知识点背诵一、at组合考点1.be angry at sth. 对某事生气2.arrive at 到达······(小地方)3.knock at/on 敲.......4.at last 最后,终于5.laugh at 嘲笑6.look at 看,注视7.at the moment现在,此时8.point at/to 指向9.at sea 在海上;不知所措二、on组合考点1.agree on (通过协商)达成共识2.call on 拜访,看望;号召,呼吁3.come on 快点,加油,跟着来4. on display 在展出5.fix one's eyes on注视6.hang on 稍等,别挂断7.on holiday 度假,休假8.play a joke on 和某人开玩笑,戏弄9.keep on 继续10.live on 以...为食,靠...生活11.pass on 传递12.put on 穿,戴;上演;增加(体重);开动(设备、装置等),使运行13.turn on打开,旋开(收音机、电灯、煤气等)14.work on从事,致力于三、to组合考点1.agree to 同意、答应、接受(计划、建议、条件、安排等)2. go to bed 上床睡觉3.compare...to...把...与...做比较;4.from...to...从...到..5.get to 到达6.do harm to 对...有害处7.lead to 通往;引起 iPad8.pay attention to 注意9.to one's surprise 使...吃惊的是10.take...to...把...带到/给....11.write to...写信给...四、in组合考点1.arrive in 到达...(大地方)2.in danger 在危险中3.drop in 顺便拜访4.in fo(u)r of 赞成,支持5.hand in 交来,交上去6.join in 参加,和...一起做(某事)7.keep sth.in mind 记住某事8.in a moment 马上,立即9.take part in 参加10.take pride in 以...为荣,为...自豪11.in surprise 吃惊地,惊讶地12.turn sth.in 交还,退还;上交,呈交,提交五、of组合考点1.be afraid of 害怕2.take care of 照顾,照看3.make fun of 嘲笑,作弄...4.instead of 代替,而不是5.learn of 听说,得知...6.rob...of...抢走,剥夺7.speak of 谈到,提起8.think of 考虑;想念,想起六、about 组合考点1. make a joke about...拿...开玩笑2. think about 想到;考虑,思考七、for组合考点1.call for 去接某人,需要2.care for 喜欢,想要;照看;爱护,关心3.except for 除了······之外,只是4.fight for 为······而战5.lee for...前往.去··.....6.look for 寻找7.for a moment 一会儿8.pay...for sth. 为...付款9.send for 派人去请八、away 组合考点1.blow away吹走,刮走2.give away分发,赠送3.put away收拾4.take away 拿走,带去5.throw away扔掉6.wash away冲走,冲垮九、out组合考点1.blow out 吹灭2.break out (火灾、战争等)突然发生、爆发3.out of breath上气不接下气4.call out 大声叫5.check out 检查,;结账离开6.find out 查明,发现7.give out 分发8.go out 出去;熄灭9.make out 理解,明白10.pick out选出11.point out指出12.run out 用完,耗尽13.sell out卖完14.send out发出15.set out 动身,出发;开始,着手16.speak out大胆说,自由地说17.take out 取出,拿出18.turn out 证明是,结果是19.wear out穿旧,磨破20.work out算出,想出,解决十、with 组合考点1.agree with 同意某人或某人的意见、想法2.be angry with sb. 对某人生气3.keep up with 赶上,不落后4.catch up with 赶上,追上5.come up with 想出,提出(计划、想法等);拿出(一笔钱等)6.be covered with 被...覆盖7.deal with 处理,对待8.be filled with 被·······充满9.make friends with sb. 与某人交朋友10.get along/on with sb./sth. 与...相处;进展11.help...with...帮助...做...十一、over组合考点1.come over来访,来玩2.fall over跌倒3.go over 复习,温习,检查4.look over检查5.think over仔细考虑6.turn over把·····翻过来;移交,转交十二、down组合考点1.break down 损坏,中断2.cut down 砍倒;削减,压缩3.get down 下来,取下,写下4.go down 下落,下降;降5.knock down 撞倒;;降低6.pull down 拉倒,摧毁;拉下7.put down 放下,写下8.set down 放下,记下9. shut down 把······关上,关闭10.take down 写下,记下11.turn down 关小,调低12.write down写下,记下十三、from组合考点1.across from 在...的对面2.break away from 脱离,改掉(旧习惯),解除3. be different from 与...不同4.hear from 收到...来信5.learn from 向...学习6.pull...up from 把...从...中拉出来7.tell...from... 区分,辨别十四、up组合考点1.bring up 养育,教育2.call up 打电话,想起3.check up 核对;检查4.cheer up 使······振奋5.fill up 填满,装满6.fix up 修理;安装7.go up 上升,上涨8.grow up 长大(成人)9.hurry up 赶快,赶紧10.look up 查阅,查找;向上看11.make up one's mind 决定,决心12.pick up 拾起;(用车)来接13.put up 举起,挂起;张贴14.se up 存钱,积蓄15.set up 创立,建立,树立16.show up 展露,呈现17.sit up=stay up不睡,熬夜18.shut up 住嘴19.speak up大声说20.think up 想出21.tidy up 整理,把...弄整洁22.turn up开大,调大(音量)十五、off组合考点1.fall off跌落,下降2.get off下车3.give off发出(光、热、气味等)4.hurry off匆匆离去5.put off 推迟6.see off 为某人送行7.set off 出发,启程8.show off 炫耀,夸耀9.shut off 切断,关掉10.take off 脱下11.throw off扔下,脱下12.turn off 关掉(收音机、电灯、煤气等)13.wash off洗掉十六、after 组合考点1.look after 照看,照顾2.name...after...以...的名字给...命名3.run after 追赶;追求十七、重叠式黄金词组1.again and again 再三地,反复地2.one after another 一个接一个地,相继地3.arm in arm 臂挽着臂,携手4.bit by bit 一点一点地,逐渐地5.day after day 日复一日6.from door to door 挨家挨户7.face to face(with) 面对面,面临8.here and there 到处,处处9.from house to house 挨家挨户10.less and less 越来越小(少)11.all day and all night 整日整夜12.neck and neck 并驾齐驱,不分上下13.one by one 一个接一个地14.side by side 肩并肩;一个接一个15.sooner or later 迟早16.step by step 按部就班,逐步17.up and down 上上下下,往返地;到处18.year after year 年年,每年(无变化)19.year by year 年年,每年(有变化)重点句型1.简单句的基本句型[句型1]主语+谓语(不及物动词)+(状语[副词、名词、介词短语等])His father cooks.他父亲做饭。

[句型2]主语+谓语(及物动词)+宾语(+状语)He didn't like the film. 他不喜欢这部电影。

[句型3]主语+系动词+表语Your watch looks very nice. 你的手表看起来很漂亮。

[句型4]主语+及物动词+间接宾语+直接宾语I'll show you my photos. 我将给你看我的照片。

[句型5]主语+及物动词+宾语+宾语补足语We call him Tom for short.我们简称他为汤姆。

[句型6]There be+主语+状语(介词短语)There is some meat on the plate. 盘里有些肉。

2.含it的句型(1)it作形式主语的句型[句型1]It+be+形容词/名词+动词不定式/动词-ing形式/that从句It's not easy to learn a foreign language. 学好一门外语不容易。

[句型2]It takes+某人十一段时间+to do sth.It took us half a year to finish the work.完成这项工作花了我们半年时间。

[句型3]It is said/reported/suggested/requested...+that从句It is said that there are several thousand languages in the world.据说世界上有数千种语言。

It was reported that there had been a fire in the village. 据报道,这个村庄失过一次火。

(2)it作形式宾语的句型[句型]主语+谓语+it+形容词/名词+动词不定式/动词-ing形式/that从句He found it very difficult to sleep and he was rather angry withthe man upstairs.他觉得难以入睡,他对楼上那个人有些生气了。

I feel it my duty to help you. 我觉得帮助你是我的职责。

(3)其他句型[句型]It seems+that 从句/as if从句It seems that the American fast food is the most popular in theworld.(=The American fast food seems to be the most popular inthe world.)美国的快餐似乎是世界上最流行的食品。

It seems that he is worr about his son. (=He seems to beworr about his son.)他好像在为他儿子担心。

3.would rather+动词原形...than+动词原形...此句型意为“宁愿······也不愿....·”。

若than之后的动词和 would rather之后的动词相同,则than之后的动词可省略。

They would rather go fishing than stay at home.他们宁愿去钓鱼,也不愿待在家里。

I would rather be laughed at than quarrel with him.我宁愿被嘲笑,也不愿和他吵架。

4.had better+动词原形...此句型意为“最好··..·;还是·····为好”。

The policeman said to him, “You'd better come with me and tellme all about the accident.”对他说:“你最好跟我来,并告诉我这次事故的经过。

”You'd better not stay at home.你最好不要待在家。

5.would like+(sb.)+to+动词原形此句型意为“想要·.....”。

would like是一种表示意愿的动词,后接带to的动词不定式。

-Yes,I would like very much to.是的!

I would like you to meet Mr.Jones. 我想让你见见琼斯先生。

6.used to+动词原形...used to意为“过去常常,以前常常”,其中to是不定式符号,后接动词原形,表示过去经常反复发生的动作或存在的状态(现在已经不复存在),即“以前这样,但现在不这样了”,后面不再跟表示过去的时间状语。

7.be/get used to...be/get used to意为“习惯于·......”,其中used是形容词,to为介词,其后接名词、代词或v-ing,表示一种状态。

My father is/gets used to getting up early.我父亲习惯于早起。

8.so+be 动词/助动词/情态动词+主语表示某人或某物的情况与前面所叙述的肯定情况相同,该结构的谓语的时态应与前句的谓语的时态相一致,但前后两句的主语不同。

My father has been to the USA before. So has my mother. 我父亲以前去过美国,我妈妈也去过。

-She used to be a teacher.她过去是位教师。

“not so/as+形容词或副词原级+as”表示甲在某一方面不及乙,常译为“不如·.....”。

Computers are very popular now and they are not as expensiveas before.电脑现在非常普及,并且它们也没有以前那么昂贵了。

The more careful you are, the fewer mistakes you'll make.你越仔细,错误就越少。

12.比较级+and+比较级句型“比较级+and+比较级”或者“more and more+原级”表示“越来越··....”,说明本身程度的改变。

The number of the trees around my village is getting larger andlarger.我们村子周围的树越来越多。

Our city is getting more and more beautiful.我们的城市正变得越来越美丽。

13.one of+the+最高级(形容词)+可数名词复数表示“最·······的······之一”。

In England, one of the most popular kinds of food is fish and.在英国,最受欢迎的食品之一是鱼和炸土豆条。

Tom is one of the youngest students in our school. 在我们学校里,汤姆是年纪最小的学生之一。

14.the+序数词+最高级(形容词)+可数名词单数表示“第几(大、长等).......”I think computer is the first most useful tool of all.我认为在所有的工具中电脑是第一有用的。

Huanghe River is the second biggest river in our couy. 黄河是我国的第二大河。

15.比较级+than any other+单数名词此句型表示在所属范围内“某人/物比其他都·······”的含义,虽是比较级结构,但表示最高级含义。

any other后一般接单数名词,表示“比其他任何一个都·......”。

(中国不在非洲,故any后不用other)16.祈使句+or+简单句在此句型中,祈使句表示条件,相当于if引导的否定条件句,即“If you don't...,you'll...”。

Study hard, or you will fall behind the others. =If you don'tstudy hard,you will fall behind the others.努力学习,否则你就会落后于别人。

在这个句型中,祈使句表示条件,相当于if引导的肯定条件句,即“If you...,you will...”。

Take more exercise and you will feel healthy. =If you take moreexercise,you will feel healthy.多锻炼,你就会感觉身体好。

17.be always doing表示经常性和反复性的动作,表示说话人的某种感情,如赞扬、批评、厌烦等,而 always与一般现在时连用时没有这种感彩。

(表示一种赞扬) He always works late.他总是工作得很晚。

(表示一个事实)18. spend some time (in) doing sth. /on sth.此句型意为“花费时间做某事”,可与 It takes some time to dosth.互换。

spend some money on sth. =pay some money for sth. 意为“买某物花费多少钱”。

在此结构中,若that引导的从句是肯定的,可以用“形容词(或副词)+enough to do”来转换。

若引导的从句是否定的,则可以用“too+形容词(或副词)+to do”来转换。

He is so strong that he can carry the hey box. (=He is strongenough to carry the hey box.)他是如此结实,以至于他可以搬动那个重箱子。

提示:对于“too+形容词(或副词)+to do”结构,如果too前有表示否定的 not,never 等或 too所修饰的是表示“喜悦”(happy,pleased)之类的形容词时,to do则表示肯定意义。

The hill is not too high to climb.这山不太高,可以爬。

We are too pleased to see you again.又见到你我们太高兴了。

20.keep/stop/prevent. . . from doing意为“阻止/防止·······做某事”,在主动语态中,stop和 prevent构成的两个短语中from都可省略,但keep短语中的from不能省略。

22.prefer to do...rather than do...意为“宁愿······而不愿·····.”,注意此结构中第二个do之前不可加to,即 rather than后用动词原形。

He preferred to stay at home rather than go with us. 他宁愿待在家里,不愿和我们一起去。

prefer sth. to sth.意为“和········相比,更喜欢·......”。

prefer doingsth. to doing sth.意为“喜欢做······胜过做··.....”。

I prefer tea to coffee. 比起咖啡,我更喜欢茶。

23.he sth. done意为“让某人做某事”,过去分词(done)这个动作由他人(非主语本身)来完成,含有“被动意义且强调动作已经完成”的意思。

he sb. do sth.意为“让某人做某事”,不定式往往表示一次性的具体动作,且强调动作已经完成或尚未发生。

The soldiers had the boy stand with his back to his father. 士兵们让这个男孩背对他的父亲站着。

he sb. doing sth. 意为“让某人做某事”,现在分词(doing)表示这种动作往往具有持续、进行的含义。

They tr to he her talking. But no use.他们想让她说话,但没用。

24.such的相关句型such作形容词,意为“这么,这样”,修饰名词(名词前可有形容词修饰),其常见结构有以下几种:(1)such a/an+形容词+单数名词(2)such+形容词+复数名词(3)such+形容词+不可数名词It's such an important match. 这场比赛是那么重要。

I he never seen such fine drawings. 我从来没见过这样好的图画。

提示:表示“这么多/少”要用“so many/few+可数名词复数”或“so much/little+不可数名词”。

I he had so many falls that I'm black and blue all over. 我跌了如此多的跤,以至于全身青一块,紫一块。

I'm sorry to he given you so much trouble.真抱歉,我给你添了这么多麻烦。

To my surprise, there are so few people in the large factory.使我感到吃惊的是,这个大工厂的人这么少。

The fire ge so little light that I could hardly see the words on the wall.火光这么暗,以至于我几乎看不见墙上的字。

25.be sure+不定式该句型所表示的内容是说话人的一种判断,认为句子主语“必然”“必然会”“准会”做什么。

It is sure to be fine.天肯定会晴。

但be sure to do用于祈使句中,不是表示判断,而是表示对对方的要求,相当于Don't fail to do...,意为“务必要,一定要”。

Be sure not to forget it. 千万别忘记。

拓展:(1)be sure of/about+动名词/名词,意为“确信······”“对·······有把握”。

但接名词时,be sure of侧重指主语对某抽象事物的确信无疑;而 be sure about 则侧重指主语对某具体事物的确信无疑。

He is sure of success.他自信会成功的。

I think so, but I'm not sure about it. 我是这样想的,但是没有把握。

若后接反身代词,则只能用be sure of,意为“有自信心”。

(2)be sure+宾语从句,表示主语对宾语从句所涉及的事物所作出的判断,意为“确信某事一定会·......”。

它有以下几种情况:①be sure+that从句,可与be sure+不定式替换。

I'm sure that you'll get what you want.=You are sure to get what you want.你一定会得到你想要的东西。

但是,如果主语不是第一人称,一般不能改为be sure+不定式,但可改为 be sure of 结构。

②be sure+what/which/who/whether/when/where等从句,常用于否定句中。

I'm not sure where I put it. 我不能肯定我把它放在哪儿了。

26.It is/was+被强调部分+that(who)+句子其他部分此句型是强调句型,被强调部分可以是主语、宾语、状语等成分,不能用来强调谓语动词、表语、补语、让步状语、条件状语等。

It was in the park that I met my old teacher yesterday.(强调地点状语)昨天我就是在这个公园里碰到了我过去的老师。

It is Mr. Smith that thinks Tom is a clever boy.(强调主语)是史密斯先生认为汤姆是一个聪明的男孩。

可以用此结构作宾语的动词有 know,decide, find out, tell,forget, remember, see,understand等。

(作主语)Our problem is where to get the novel. 我们的问题是从哪儿弄到这本小说。

试比较:I don't know what to do.我不知道该做什么。

I don't know how to do it. 我不知道该如何做。

28.allow sb. to do sth.意为“允许/准许某人做某事”;allow doing sth.意为“允许做某事”,但不说 allow to do sth.。

29.stop doing sth.表示的是“停止做(正在做的)某事”,这里的doing sth.为动名词短语,所表示的行为发生在stop之前,作stop的宾语。

She stopped crying and listened to the music.她停止哭泣,听起音乐来。

Class begins. Stop playing basketball, please. 开始上课了,请停止打篮球。

提示:stop to do sth.表示的是“停下来(原来做的事)去做(另外的)某事”,这里的to do sth.是不定式短语,所表示的行为发生在stop之后,作stop的目的状语。

They walked for a while and stopped to he a rest. 他们走了一会儿,便停下来休息一下。

When she came in,we stopped to talk with her. 她进来时,我们停下来和她交谈。

30.be supposed to此结构中to是动词不定式符号,不是介词,其后要跟动词原形。

当be supposed to...的主语是“人”时,意为“应该······,被期望.......”,它可以用来表示劝告、建议、义务、责任等,相当于情态动词should。

be supposed to...的主语是“物”时,它表示“本应,本该”,用于表示“某事本应该发生而没有发生”。

31.in order to+动词原形意思是“为了,以便”,在句中作目的状语,可放在句首,也可放在句中,其否定形式为 in order not to do sth.(为了不做·.....·)。

In order to earn enough money, he worked late into the night.为了赚到足够的钱,他工作到深夜。

Bob took down my telephone number in order not to forget it.为了不忘记我的电话号码,鲍勃把它记下来了。

提示:“in order+that从句”也可表示“为了,以便”的意思,从句中常用can,may,could,might等情态动词。

32.look forward to sth./doing(sth.)表示“期盼/期待着某件事情或做某件事情”。

I look forward to seeing you again. 我渴望再次见到你。

交际用语一、打电话用语(Making phone calls)打电话找某人:Can I get Jack on the phone now? Could I speak to. ..I'd like to speak to. ..May I he a word with...Hello, Did please.Hello,is Henry in?Is Henry there,please?某人不在时,接电话人的答语:A moment, please.Hold on (a moment),please.Hold the line, please.接电话人的应答:This is...Who's speaking/calling?Who's that speaking?Is that Tom?某人不在时的应答:Will you lee a message?Shall I take a message?二、请求允许(Asking for permission) Can/Could/ May I. . .Do you mind. . .I wonder/was wondering if. . .肯定答语:Certainly./Yes,of course./Sure. By all means.否定答语:Sorry,...- I'm afraid not.I'd like to, but. . .三、祝愿和祝贺(Wishing and Congratulation)-1.祝愿及应答。

祝愿语:-All the best.(万事如意。


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